Tendon injuries, also known as tendonopathies, can be debilitating, affecting people of all ages and activity levels. Understanding what tendons are, their functions, and how injuries occur is crucial for effective management and rehabilitation. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the world of tendonopathy, exploring its various aspects and discussing how physiotherapy plays a vital role in recovery.


Tendons are tough, fibrous connective tissues that connect muscles to bones. They play a crucial role in transmitting forces from muscles to bones, allowing movement and providing stability to joints. Without healthy tendons, everyday activities become challenging, and sports performance can be compromised.


Tendons serve several essential functions in the body:

1.Transmitting Muscle Forces: Tendons transfer the force generated by muscles to bones, enabling movement.

2.Providing Stability: Tendons help stabilize joints, preventing excessive movement and reducing the risk of injury.

3.Energy Storage: Some tendons, such as the Achilles tendon, store and release energy during activities like running and jumping.


Tendon injuries can range from mild inflammation to severe tears. Common types of tendon injuries include:

1.Tendonitis: Inflammation of the tendon due to overuse or repetitive movements.

2.Tendinosis: Degeneration of the tendon tissue without significant inflammation, often caused by chronic overuse.

3.Tendon Tears: Partial or complete tears of the tendon, usually resulting from sudden trauma or repetitive stress.


Symptoms of tendon injuries may include:


  • Pain, especially with movement or pressure on the affected tendon.
  • Swelling and tenderness around the injured area.
  • Weakness or inability to bear weight on the affected limb.
  • Stiffness and limited range of motion in nearby joints.


Tendon injuries often occur when the load placed on the tendon exceeds its capacity to withstand stress. Factors contributing to tendon injuries include:


  • Overuse: Repeatedly subjecting the tendon to excessive strain without adequate rest.
  • Poor Biomechanics: Incorrect movement patterns or faulty body mechanics can place undue stress on tendons.
  • Age and Degeneration: Tendons become less elastic and more prone to injury as we age, especially in individuals with pre-existing conditions like arthritis.


Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in the management of tendon injuries, focusing on pain relief, rehabilitation, and prevention of recurrence. Treatment strategies may include:


1.Rest and Immobilization: Protecting the injured tendon from further damage by avoiding aggravating activities and using splints or braces.(Following PRICE principles).

2.Physical Therapy Exercises: Gradual introduction of stretching and strengthening exercises to improve flexibility, muscle strength, and tendon resilience.

3.Modalities: Utilizing modalities such as ice packs, heat therapy, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation to reduce pain and inflammation.

4.Manual Therapy: Hands-on techniques like massage, myofascial release, and joint mobilizations to improve tissue mobility and reduce stiffness.

5.Education and Prevention: Educating patients about proper biomechanics, injury prevention strategies, and gradual return to activity protocols to minimize the risk of future tendon injuries.


Understanding the different types of tendon load is essential for designing effective rehabilitation programs:


1.Tensile Load: Tendons experience tension or stretching forces during activities like lifting weights or jumping.

2.Compressive Load: Pressure or compression on tendons during weight-bearing activities such as walking or running.

3.Shear Load: Tendons may be subjected to shear forces, especially during sudden changes in direction or acceleration/deceleration movements


Tendon injuries can significantly impact daily life and athletic performance, but with proper management and physiotherapy intervention, recovery is possible. By understanding the anatomy of tendons, recognizing the signs of injury, and implementing targeted rehabilitation strategies, individuals can overcome tendonopathy and return to their active lifestyles safely. If you’re experiencing tendon pain or suspect a tendon injury, feel free to contact us at Pretto Physiotherapy for personalized treatment and guidance.

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